While the SA has multiple measured parameters, the most important are abnormalities in sperm count, ranging from fewer than normal sperm oligospermia to undetectable sperm azoospermiasperm motility, a condition known as asthenospermia, and sperm morphology 56. In other men, all that is needed is reassurance that retrograde ejaculation is not a serious medical problem and that it is not a sign of a serious condition. Swiss Pediatric Oncology Group. Therefore, current standard of care is to obtain a semen sample that is cryopreserved before initiation of chemotherapy for fertility preservation Indeed, SA certainly does not evaluate many of the parameters of sperm that may impact MFI such as an intact acrosome reaction . Impacts of environmental toxicants on male reproductive dysfunction.
The spermicidal and antitrichomonas activities of SSRI antidepressants.
Effects of Pharmaceutical Medications on Male Fertility
In vitro assessment of the adverse effects of antiretroviral drugs on the human male gamete. Notes To cite this article: In retrograde ejaculation, the muscle that shuts the bladder does not function normally. Salivary testosterone levels and major depressive illness in men. Specifically, alkylating agents, such as cyclophosphamide, have a particularly long lasting effect on spertamatogensis and may cause permanent oligo or azospermia Isr J Med Sci. Retrograde ejaculation is when the semen travels backwards into the bladder.